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齿轮参数 中英文对照

EXTERNAL SPUR GEAR DATA(外圆柱齿轮参数)

manufacturing data(制造参数)

part number(零件号)

tooth form(齿面)

gear type(齿轮类型)

number of teeth(齿数)

normal module(法向模数)

normal pressure angle (at ref circle)法向压力角(在分度圆上)

helix angle (at ref circle)螺旋角(在分度圆上)

helical lead(螺旋导程)

hand of helix(旋向)

reference face width(参考齿宽)

outside diameter(齿顶圆直径)

chamfer diameter(倒圆直径)

reference(pitch)circle diameter(分度圆直径)或节圆

start of active profile diameter有效渐开线起始圆直径

form diameter 展成直径

root diameter齿根圆直径

base circle diameter基圆直径

whole depth全齿高

normal circular tooth thickness (at reference circle)法向弧齿厚(在分度圆上)root type齿根形式

root fillet radius 齿根圆角半径

lead crown齿向鼓形

HOB DATA滚刀参数

pressure angle压力角

tooth thickness at reference line分圆齿厚

protuberance凸角

tip radius齿顶圆半径

reference part number 零件号

INSPECTION DATA检验数据

profile tolerance and modifications齿形公差和修形

profile hollow齿形中凹

refernce pitch circle runout节圆跳动

pitch variation齿距偏差

lead variation齿向偏差

lead hollow齿向中凹

profile surface finish渐开线齿面精加工

ball diameter量球直径

dimension over two balls in same plane跨棒距

REFERENCE DATA-MATING GEAR对啮齿的参考参数

normal center distance 中心距

mating gear part number对啮齿轮零件号

mumber of teeth on mating gear对啮轮齿数

backlash (nominal CD ,ROOM TEMP)侧隙(法线方向,室温)

general notes(通用技术要求)

1.DO not scale drawing(不要在图上量取尺寸)

2.all surfaces corners and edges must be free from burrs

and sharp edges-break 0.075 MM MAX(所有面,角和边不能有毛刺,锐边倒钝不超过0.075mm)

3.unless otherwise stated(除非特别注明,否则)

A.all dimensions and tolerance are in millimeters per

Chinese standard(所有以毫米为单位的尺寸和公差均按中国标准)

B.all surface finishes to be 3.2 micrometer or better(所有表面粗糙度不应低于3.2)

C.all dimension are finished dimensions;no allowance has been

made for any change in maximum or least material condition

due to heat treatment(所有尺寸均为最终尺寸;热处理导致的最大或最小实体条件的变化不应超出允差)

D linear dimensions to be +/- 0.25 MM(线性尺寸偏差为+/- 0.25 MM)

E angular dimensions to be +/- 0.5o(角度尺寸偏差为+/- 0.5o)

4.mark part number as shown(如图作零件号)

5.mark serial number as shown(如图作系列号)

6.heat treatment to be applied to all surfaces(整体热处理)

gear notes(齿轮技术要求)

1.do not grind roots and fillets after heat treatment(热处理后不得磨及齿根和圆角)

2.no steps or grooves permissible in root and fillet region after

honing or grinding(珩磨后,齿根和圆角区域不允许有台阶或凹痕)

3.profile tolerance based upon floating band fit(齿形误差应以公差带为计)

4.gear must be free from grind burns and tempering(齿面不得烧伤)

5.pitch line runout and other tooth tolerances are with respect to

datum A(节圆跳动和其它齿轮公差均以基准A为测量基准)

6.profile tolerance to be measured between form and chamfer(齿形误差应由渐开线起始(或终止)圆测量至齿顶倒角)

7.min hardness must be achieved in tooth root and fillet region(齿根和圆角处的硬度不得低于硬度下差)

8.root radius tangent to profile not to extend above form diameter(齿根圆角要与齿面相切,而且不能超过渐开线起始(或终止)圆直径。

9.do not thru harden tooth tips(齿尖不得淬透)

齿轮基本术语

齿轮Toothed gear;Gear

齿面Tooth flank

长幅内摆线Prolate hypocycloid

齿轮副Gear pair

右侧齿面Right flank

短幅内摆线Curtate hypocycloid

平行轴齿轮副Gear pair with parallel axes

左侧齿面Left flank

渐开线Involute;Involute to a circle

相交轴齿轮副Gear pair with intersecting axes 同侧齿面Corresponding flank

延伸渐开线Prolate involute

齿轮系Train of gears

异侧齿面Opposite flank

缩短渐开线Curtate involute 行星齿轮系Planetary gear train

工作齿面Working flank

球面渐开线Spherical involute

齿轮传动Gear drive;Gear transmission 非工作齿面Non-working flank

渐开螺旋面Involute helicoid

配对齿轮Mating gears

相啮齿面Mating flank

阿基米德螺旋面Screw helicoid

小齿轮Pinion

共轭齿面Conjugate flank

球面渐开螺旋面Spherical involute helicoid 大齿轮Wheel;Gear

可用齿面Usable flank

圆环面Toroid

主动齿轮Driving gear

有效齿面Active flank

圆环面的母圈Generant of the toroit

从动齿轮Driven gear

上齿面Addendum flank

圆环面的中性圈Middle circle of the toroid

行星齿轮Planet gear

下齿面Dedendum flank

圆环面的中间平面Middle-plane of the toroid 行星架Planet carrier

齿根过渡曲面Fillet

圆环面的内圈Inner circle of the toroid

太阳轮Sun gear

齿顶Crest;Top land

啮合干涉Meshing interference

内齿圈Ring gear;Annulus gear

槽底Bottom land

切齿干涉Cutter interference

外齿轮External gear

齿廓Tooth profile

齿廓修型Profile modification;

Profile correction

内齿轮Internal gear

端面齿廓Transverse profile

修缘Tip relief

中心距Centre distance

法向齿廓Normal profile

修根Root relief

轴交角Shaft angle

轴向齿廓Axial profile

齿向修形Axial modification;Longitudinal correction

连心线Line of centres

背锥齿廓Back cone tooth profile

齿端修薄End relief

减速齿轮副Speed reducing gear pair

齿线Tooth trace

鼓形修整Crowning

增速齿轮副Speed increasing gear pair

齿棱Tip;Tooth tip

鼓形齿Crowned teeth

齿数比Gear ratio

模数Module

挖根Undercut

传动比Transmission ratio

端面模数Transverse module

瞬时轴Instantaneous axis

轴平面Axial plane

法向模数Normal module

瞬时接触点Point of contact

基准平面Datum plane 轴向模数Axial module

瞬时接触线Line of contact

节平面Pitch plane

径节Diametral pitch

端面啮合线Transverse path of contact

端平面Transverse plane

齿数Number of teeth

啮合曲面Surface of action

法平面Normal plane

当量齿数Virtual number of teeth

啮合平面Plane of action

分度曲面Reference surface

头数Number of starts;Number of threads 啮合区域Zone of action

节曲面Pitch surface

螺旋线Helix;Circular helix

总作用弧Total arc of transmission

齿顶曲面Tip surface

圆锥螺旋线Conical spiral

端面作用弧Transverse arc of transmission

齿根曲面Root surface

螺旋角Helix angle;

Spiral angle

纵向作用弧Overlap arc

基本齿廓Basic tooth profile

导程Lead

总作用角Total angle of transmission

基本齿条Basic rack

导程角Lead angle

端面作用角Transverse angle of transmission 产形齿条Counterpart rack

阿基米德螺旋线Archimedes spiral

纵向作用角Overlap angle

产形齿轮Generating gear of a gear

外摆线Epicycloid

总重合度Total contact ratio

产形齿面Generating flank

长幅外摆线Prolate epoicycloid

端面重合度Transverse ratio

基准线Datum line

短幅外摆线Curtate epoicycloid

纵向重合度Overlap ratio

轮齿Gear teeth;Tooth

摆线Cycloid

标准齿轮Standard gears

齿槽Tooth space

长幅摆线Prolate cycloid

非变位齿轮X-gero gear

右旋齿Right-hand teeth

短幅摆线Curtate cycloid

标准中心距Referencr centre distance

左旋齿Left-hand teeth

内摆线Hypocycloid

名义中心距Nominal centre distance

变位齿轮Gears with addendum modification;

X-gears 直齿轮Spur gear

分度圆柱面Reference cylinder

高度变位圆柱齿轮副X-gear pair with reference centre distance

斜齿轮Helical gear;Single-helical gear

节圆柱面Pitch cylinder

角度变位圆柱齿轮副X-gear pair with modified centre distance

直齿条Spur rack

基圆柱面Basic cylinder

高度变位锥齿轮副X-gear pair without shaft angle modification

斜齿条Helical rack

齿顶圆柱面Tip cylinder

角度变位圆柱齿轮副X-gear pair with shaft angle modification

人字齿轮Double-helical gear

齿根圆柱面Root cylinder

变位系数Modification coefficient

渐开线齿轮Involute cylindrical gear

节点Pitch point

变位量Addendum modification

摆线齿轮Cycloidal gear

节线Pitch line

径向变位系数Addendum modification coefficient

圆弧齿轮Circular-arc gear;W-N gear

分度圆Reference circle

中心距变位系数Centre distance modification coefficient

双圆弧齿轮Double-circular-arc gear

节圆Pitch circle

圆柱齿轮Cylindrical gear

假想曲面Imaginary surfance

基圆Basic circle

顶圆Tip circle

任意点法向压力角Normal pressure angle at a point 定位面Locating face

根圆Root circle

任意点端面压力角Transverse pressure angle at a point

外锥距Outer cone distance

齿距Pitch

啮合角Working pressure angle 内锥距Inner cone distance

齿距角Angular pitch

顶隙Bottom clearance

中点锥距Mean cone distance

公法线长度Base tangent length

圆周侧隙Circumferential blacklash

背锥距Back cone distance

分度圆直径Reference diameter

法向侧隙Normal blacklash

安装距Locating distance

节圆直径Pitch diameter

径向侧隙Radial blacklash

轮冠距Tip distance;crown to back

基圆直径Base diameter

锥齿轮Bevel gear

冠顶距Apex to crown

顶圆直径Tip diameter

锥齿轮副Bevel gear pair

偏置距Offset

根圆直径Root diameter

准双曲面齿轮副Hypoid gear pair

齿线偏移量Offset of tooth trace

齿根圆角半径Fillet radius

准双曲面齿轮Hypoid gear

分锥角Reference cone angle

齿高Tooth depth

冠轮Crown gear

节锥角Pitch cone angle

工作高度Working depth

端面齿轮Contrate gear

顶锥角Tip angle

齿顶高Addendum

直齿锥齿轮Straight bevel gear

根锥角Root angle

齿根高Dedendum

斜齿锥齿轮Skew bevel gear;

Helical bevel gear

背锥角Back cone angle

弦齿高Chordal height

曲面齿锥齿轮Curved tooth bevel gear 齿顶角Addendum angel

固定弦齿高Constant chord height

弧齿锥齿轮Spiral bevel gear 齿根角Dedendum angle

齿宽Facewidth

摆线齿锥齿轮Enicycloid bevel gear

任意点压力角Pressure angle at a point 有效齿宽Effective facewidth

零度齿锥齿轮Zero T bevel gear

任意点螺旋角Spiral angle at a point

端面齿厚Transverse tooth thickness

圆柱齿轮端面齿轮副Contrate gear pair

中点螺旋角Mean spiral angle

法向齿厚Normal tooth thickness

锥齿轮的当量圆柱齿轮Virtual cylindrical gear of bevel gear

大端螺旋角Outer spiral angle

端面基圆齿厚Transverse base thickness

8字啮合锥齿轮Octoid gear

小端螺旋角Inner spiral angle

法向基圆齿厚Normal base thickness

圆柱齿弧锥齿轮Spiral bevel gear with circle arc tooth profile

蜗杆Worm

端面弦齿厚Transverse chordal tooth thickness

分度圆锥面Reference cone

蜗轮Worm wheel

固定弦齿厚Constant chord

节圆锥面Pitch cone

蜗杆副Worm gear pair

端面齿顶厚Crest width

齿顶圆锥面Face cone;tip cone

圆柱蜗杆Cylindrical worm

法向齿顶厚Normal crest width

齿根圆锥面Root cone

圆柱蜗杆副Cylindrical worm pair

端面齿槽宽Transverse spacewidth

背锥面Back cone

环面蜗杆Enveloping worm

法向齿槽宽Normal spacewidth

前锥面Front cone

环面蜗杆副Enveloping worm pair

齿厚半角Tooth thickness half angle

中锥面Middle cone

阿基米德蜗杆Straight sided axial worm;ZA-worm 槽宽半角Spacewidth half angle

分锥顶点Reference cone apex

渐开线蜗杆Involute helicoid worm;

压力角Pressure angle

轴线交点Crossing point of axes

法向直廓蜗杆Straight sided normal worm;

齿形角Nominal pressure angle

齿根圆环面Root tosoid

椭圆齿轮Elliptical gear

咽喉面Gorge

非圆齿轮副Non-circular gear pair

平面蜗杆Planar worm wheel;P-worm wheel

喉平面Gorge plane 圆柱针轮副Cylindsical lantern pinion and wheel

平面包络环面蜗杆Planar double enveloping worm;TP-worm

喉圆Gorge circle

针轮Cylindsical tan tein gear ;pin-wheel

平面二次包络蜗杆Planar double-enveloping worm wheel;TP-worm wheel

分度圆蜗旋线Reference helix

谐波齿轮副Harmoric gear drive

锥面包络环面蜗杆Toroid enveloping worm wheel;TK-worm wheel

螺纹Thread

波发生器Wave generator

蜗杆齿宽Worm facewidth

柔性齿轮Flexspine

锥蜗杆Spiroid

蜗轮齿宽Worm wheel facewidth

刚性齿轮Circular spline

锥蜗轮Spiroid gear

直径系数Diametral quotient

非圆齿轮Non-circular gear

锥蜗杆副Spiroid gear pair

咽喉半径Gorge radius

分度圆环面Reference tosoid

中平面Mid-plane

齿宽角Width angle