1.I’ll write down your name and address lest you______ as a witness.
A. are needed
B. will be needed
D. be needed
2. I want______ by the president, but it was impossible.
A. to see
B. to be seen
D. being to see
3. ________you’ve found, you must give it back to the librarian.
4. ________he realized it was time to go back home.
A. No sooner it grew dark when
B. Hardly it grew dark than
C. Scarcely it grew dark than
D. It was not until dark that
5. To_______ wages and salaries means to increase purchasing power.
6. I’ll be going to the park on foot while my car_______.
A. is repairing
B. is being repaired
C. will be repaired
D. is to repaired
7. She was given_______ pay for her hard work.
8. We are celebrating for having found the solution_____ the problem.
C. as for
9. You_____ caught by the rain just now for you are all wet.
A. can’t be
B. must being
C. must have been
D. can’t have
10. ________ is easier than to do.
A. To say
C. To be saying D Being said
The picnics, speeches and parades of today’s Labor Day were all part of the first celebration held in New York City in 1882. Its promoter was an Irish-American
labor leader named Peter J. McGuire. A carpenter by trade, McGuire had worked since the age of 11, and in 1882 was president of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners(UBCJ).
Approaching the City’s Central Labor Union that summer, he proposed a holiday that would applaud(赞许) “the industrial spirit—the great vital force of every nation” .On September 5 his suggestion bore fruit, as estimated 10,000 workers, many of them ignoring their bosses’warnings, left work to march from Union square up Fifth Avenue to 42nd Street. The event gained national attention, and by 1893 thirty states had made Labor Day an annual holiday.
The quick adoption of the scheme may have indicated less about the state lawmakers’ respect for working people than about a fear of risking their anger. In the 1880s the United States was a land sharply divided between the immensely wealthy and the very poor.. Henry George was accurate in describing the era as one of “progress and poverty”. In a society in which factory owners rode in private Pullmans while ten-year-olds slaved in the mines, strong anti-capitalist feeling ran high. Demands for fundamental change were common throughout the labor press. With socialists demanding an end to “wage slavery” and anarchists(无政府主义) singing the praises of the virtues of dynamite (炸药)，middle-of –the-roaders like Samuel Gompers and McGuire seemed attractively mild by comparison. One can imagine practical capitalists seeing Labor Day as a bargain: A one-day party certainly cost them less than paying their workers decent wages.
11. Judging from the passage, McGuire was________.
A. a moderate labor leader
B. an extreme-anarchist in the labor movement
C. a devoted socialist fighting against exploitation of man by man
D. a firm anti-capitalist demanding the elimination(解放)of wage slavery
12. We can see from the first paragraph that the first Labor Day march_________.
A. immediately won nationwide support
B. involved workers from 30 states
C. was opposed by many factory owners
D. was organized by the UBCJ
13. Which of the following is the key factor in the immediate approval of Labor as a national holiday?\
A.The lawmakers’ respect for the workers.
B.The workers’ determination to have a holiday of their own.
C.The socialists’ demands for though reform.
D.The politicians’ fear of the workers’ anger.
14.We learn from the passage that the establishment of Labor Day________.