1.I’ll write down your name and address lest you______ as a witness.
A. are needed
B. will be needed
D. be needed
2. I want______ by the president, but it was impossible.
A. to see
B. to be seen
D. being to see
3. ________you’ve found, you must give it back to the librarian.
4. ________he realized it was time to go back home.
A. No sooner it grew dark when
B. Hardly it grew dark than
C. Scarcely it grew dark than
D. It was not until dark that
5. To_______ wages and salaries means to increase purchasing power.
6. I’ll be going to the park on foot while my car_______.
A. is repairing
B. is being repaired
C. will be repaired
D. is to repaired
7. She was given_______ pay for her hard work.
8. We are celebrating for having found the solution_____ the problem.
C. as for
9. You_____ caught by the rain just now for you are all wet.
A. can’t be
B. must being
C. must have been
D. can’t have
10. ________ is easier than to do.
A. To say
C. To be saying D Being said
The picnics, speeches and parades of today’s Labor Day were all part of the first celebration held in New York City in 1882. Its promoter was an Irish-American labor leader named Peter J. McGuire. A carpenter by trade,
McGuire had worked since the age of 11, and in 1882 was president of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners(UBCJ).
Approaching the City’s Central Labor Union that summer, he proposed a holiday that would applaud(赞许) “the industrial spirit—the great vital force of every nation” .On September 5 his suggestion bore fruit, as estimated 10,000 workers, many of them ignoring their bosses’ warnings, left work to march from Union square up Fifth Avenue to 42nd Street. The event gained national attention, and by 1893 thirty states had made Labor Day an annual holiday.
The quick adoption of the scheme may have indicated less about the state lawmakers’ respect for working people than about a fear of risking their anger. In the 1880s the United States was a land sharply divided between the immensely wealthy and the very poor.. Henry George was accurate in describing the era as one of “progress and poverty”. In a society in which factory owners rode in private Pullmans while ten-year-olds slaved in the mines, strong anti-capitalist feeling ran high. Demands for fundamental change were common throughout the labor press. With socialists demanding an end to “wage slavery”and anarchists(无政府主义) singing the praises of the virtues of dynamite (炸药)，middle-of –the-roaders like Samuel Gompers and McGuire seemed attractively mild by comparison. One can imagine practical capitalists seeing Labor Day as a bargain: A one-day party certainly cost them less than paying their workers decent wages.
11. Judging from the passage, McGuire was________.
A. a moderate labor leader
B. an extreme-anarchist in the labor movement
C. a devoted socialist fighting against exploitation of man by man
D. a firm anti-capitalist demanding the elimination(解放)of wage slavery
12. We can see from the first paragraph that the first Labor Day march_________.
A. immediately won nationwide support
B. involved workers from 30 states
C. was opposed by many factory owners
D. was organized by the UBCJ
13. Which of the following is the key factor in the immediate approval of Labor as
a national holiday?\
A.The lawmakers’ respect for the workers.
B.The workers’ determination to have a holiday of their own.
C.The socialists’ demands for though reform.
D.The politicians’ fear of the workers’ anger.
14.We learn from the passage that the establishment of Labor Day________.
A. was accepted by most bosses as a compromise
B. marked a turning point in the workers’ struggle for most rights
C．indicated the improvement of the workers’ welfare
D. signaled the end of “wage slavery”
15 McGuire proposed Labor Day in order to_______.
A. draw people’s attention to the striking contrast between the rich and the poor
B. make prominent the important role of the working class in society
C. win for the workers the right to shorten working hours
D. expose the exploitation of the workers by their bosses
New technology links the world as never before. Our planet has shrunk. It’s now a “global village ”where countries are only seconds away by fax or phone or satellite link, And, of course, our ability to benefit from this high-tech-tech communications equipment is greatly enhanced by foreign language skills.
Deeply involved with this new technology is a breed of modern business people who have a growing respect for the economic value of doing business abroad. In modern markets, success overseas often helps support domestic business efforts.
Overseas assignments are becoming increasingly important to advancement within executive ranks. The executive stationed in another country no longer need fear being“out of sight and out of mind”.He or she can be sure that the overseas effort is central to the company’s plan for success, and that promotions often follow or accompany an assignment abroad. If an employee can succeed in a difficult assignment overseas, superiors will have greater confidence in his or her ability to cope back in the United States where cross-cultural considerations and foreign language issues are becoming more and more prevalent(普遍的).
Thanks to a variety of relatively inexpensive communications devices with business applications. Even small businesses in the United States are able to get into international markets.
English is still the international language of business. But there is an ever-growing need for people who can speak another language.. A second language isn’t generally required to get a job in business, but having language skills gives a candidate the edge when other qualifications appear to be equal.
The employee posted abroad who speaks the country’s principal language has an opportunity to fast-forward certain negotiations, and can have the cultural insight to know when it is better to move more slowly. The employee at the home office who can communicate well with foreign clients over the telephone or by fax
machine is an obvious asset to the firm.
16. What is the author’s attitude toward high-tech communications equipment?
17. With the increased use of high-tech communications equipment. Business people________.
A. have to get familiar with modern technology
B. are gaining more economic benefits from domestic operations
C. are attaching more importance to their overseas business
D. are eager to work overseas
18. In this passage.“out of sight and out of mind”(Line2.para3)probably means_____.
A. being unable to think properly for lack of insight
B. being totally out of touch with business at home
C. missing opportunities for promotion when abroad
D. leaving all care and worry behind
19. According to the passage. An important consideration of international corporations in employing people today is _______.
A. connection with businesses overseas
B. ability to speak the client’s language
C. technical know-how
D. business experience
20. The advantage of employees having foreign language skills is that they can____.
A. better control the whole negotiation process
B. easily find new approaches to meet market needs
C. fast-forward their proposals to headquarters
D. easily make friends with business people abroad
Stress may be defined as the response of the body to any demand. Whenever people experience something pleasant or unpleasant. We say they are under stress. We call the pleasant kind“eustress(n.良性压力,愉快的压力)”and the unpleasant kind “distress”.
People sometimes compare our lives with that of the cavemen(穴居人)，who didn’t have to worry about the stock market or the atomic bomb. They forget that the cavemen worried about being eaten by a bear or about dying of hunger- - - things that few people worry about today. It’s not that people suffer more stress today. It’s just that they think they do.
It is unbelievable that anyone should have no stress at all. Most people who are ambitious(有雄心的)and want to accomplish something, live no stress .They need it. But excessive stress is by all means harmful. Worse, chronic(长期的) exposure to stress over long time may cause more serious diseases and may actually shorten one’s life.
The most frequent causes of distress in man are psychological- - -lack of adaptability(适应的)，not having a code of behavior. So the secret of coping with stress is not to do what you like to do and what you were made to do, at your own rate. For most people, it is really a matter of learning how to behave in various situations. The most important thing is to have a code of life, to know how to live.
21. The modern man is suffering from______.
A. the same stress as the cavemen
B. less stress than the cavemen
C. different stress from the cavemen
D. more stress than the cavemen
22. Which of the following statements is an example of eustress?
A. A man who has just lost his job
B. Learning how to do something
C. Being lack of adaptability and code of life
D. An Olympic winner at the moment of his glory
23. Stress is ________.
A. do things at one’s own rate
B. a normal state for everyone
C. an example of human experience
D. a disease in one’s life
24. The best way to deal with stress is to __________.
A. do things at one’s own rate
B. try to lengthen our lift
C. become ambitious in business
D. get more eustress and meet less distress
25. The main idea of the passage is that one should_______.
A. overcome the serious diseases
B. have the response to any demand
C. cope with stress with a humorous sense
D. learn how to live in the best way
26.When personal and family goals conflict, many people who express strong support for family values do not live up to those values.
27. Her high-school reports listed her future profession as “entertainer(演员)”，though it is likely that she had little idea of how she could actually make it.
28. Married women are more likely to move house and area for their husbands’job promotion rather than their own.
29. Philips products are appreciated by customers because of their excellent price versus performance ratio.
One aspect of American culture is a great belief in independence and self-reliance. Children are__30__to be independent. Many children are give__31__Americans call a “weekly allowance”and are inspired to have part-time jobs at young ages: for boys. Newspaper routes, __32__ for girls. Baby-sitting Parents often encourage their children to open bank accounts. And some high school and college students have their own __33__ cards. Although American families stress __34__. American is also a youth-oriented nation. In America, a great deal of public__35__ is paid to children. In many American families, husband and wife will __36__ up their own plans to go to a vacation in
order to please their children __37__choosing amusement park like Disney World and Disneyland. The toy industry in America is large and __38__rapidly Americans buy expensive toys __39__ their children.
30. A. forced B. considered C. encouraged D. born
31. A. what B which C where D when
32. A as B or C though D and
33. A employment B credit C identity D library
34. A independence B affection C happiness D enjoyment
35. A notice B consideration C attention D care
36. A keep B turn C put D give
37. A in B by C for D with
38. A enlarging B increasing C growing D reinforcing
39. A on B to C with D for
40. A company would have to lay off its employees if it was in ________(finance) difficulties.
41. Before his death. Johnson appointed his mother to _________(executive) his will.
42. It’s________(evidence) that they have been waiting here for hours.
43. The twin brothers are dressed _______(like), but they behave differently.
44. “The baby_________(cry) non-stop for the past hours,” said Emily when
she saw the mother
came in .
45. With careful preparation . John Brown finally won the _________(elect).
46. We should try to improve the moral__________(conscious) of young students.
47. This kind of television program not only _________(entertainment) but also
48. As summer __________(approach). The weather became hotter and hotter.
49. Mr. Smith admitted _________(take) drugs when he was a student at
A---- Blue Tooth B---- Personal Handy Phone System
C---- Walkie-talkie D---- Global Positioning System (GPS)
E---- General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) F---- Short Message Service(SMS)
G---- Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) H--- Global System for Mobile Communication(GSMC)
I---- Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) J----Pre-paid Phone Card
K---- Roaming L----Voice Prompt
M---- Wireless Local Area Networks N-----Digital Video
O----- Liquid Crystal Display P----High Fidelity
Example : (A) 蓝牙技术（N）数码摄像机
Scientists believe that 4.5 billion years ago, Mars and Earth began their existence under similar conditions. During the first billion years, liquid water… in contrast to ice …, was abundant on the surface of Mars. This is an indication that Mars was much warmer at that time. Mars also had a thicker atmosphere of carbon dioxide (CO2). Many scientists think it is possible that life began under these favorable conditions. After all, Earth developed an atmosphere which is rich in oxygen and an ozone layer. Ozone (O3) is a form of oxygen. The ozone layer protects the Earth from harmful ultraviolet light from the Sun. while life not only began on Earth, it also survived and became more complex. In contrast, Mars lost its thick atmosphere of carbon dioxide and ultraviolet radiation intensified(加剧). The planet eventually grew colder, and its water frozen.
In 1976 two American spacecrafts landed on Mars and performed four experiments. Three experiments tested for biological activity in the soil. Unfortunately, these tests did not lead to any definite results. The fourth experiment looked for any evidence of life, dead or alive, but found none. Scientists are planning another investigation of Mars. They want to search for fossils, the ancient remains of life. If life ever existed on Mars. future mission may find records of it under sand or in the ice. Even if further mission discovers no evidence of past or present life on Mars, the new mission may clarify our
understanding of how life begins. Scientists will better understand the conditions that are necessary for the survival of life on Mars or in the universe.
60. How old is Earth according to this passage?
61. Was Mars warmer or colder when it was less than one billion years old than now?
62. Why do many scientists believe that it was possible for life to begin on Mars during the first billion years of its existence?
Because many scientists believe that it is possible that began under _____________.
63. What was the result of the fourth experiment?
The fourth experiment looked for any evidence of life, dead or alive, but found____________.
64. What do scientists want to search for on Mars?
Advertising has among English’s biggest growth industries since the war. Perhaps the reason
is that advertising saves the manufacturers from having to think about the customer. At the stage of designing and developing a product, there is quite enough to think about without adding customer appeal to all his other problems of man-hours and machine tolerances and stress factors .So they just go ahead and make the thing and leave it to the advertiser to find clever ways of marking it appeal to purchasers after they have finished it, by pretending that if confers(赋予) status, or attracts love, or signifies manliness.
Words for reference: 电子洗面器Electronic Face Cleaner
促销说明书Sales promotional literature