Ⅰ. 词形转换: 1. 写出下列名词的复数形式：
book apple donut bed box watch wish brush match
watch class strawberry country city radio photo kilo piano
zoo tomato potato hero wife life thief knife man woman children tooth foot sheep
Japanese office scarf feeling metre donut glass salad
cookie sandwich clerk
noodle watermelon carrot
grape clerk clerk stomach beach student classmates
body fish mouth restaurant pear
bottle clerk part
camera robot hat
常用复数形式的名词：pants shoes feelings clothes pants shoes feelings dumplings thanks
live look eat go do
have write wash brush match watch pass cry
study carry fly help make
swim leave know play get ride guess fix teach
close catch stay worry
be enjoy buy teach borrow laugh smile forfet
I’m=I am he’s=he is/he has they’re=they are isn’=is not aren’t=are not You’d better=You had better I’d like=I would like don’t=do not doesn’t=do not you are =________she is =_________ you would = _____OK=okay refrigerator=fridge Postscript=P.S. let us(缩写)________
Thanks.=Thank you. ill---sick smile---laugh job---work upon—on store---shop pretty---beautiful---cute---good-looking 6. 反义词/对应词：
out---in laugh---cry empty/hungry---full waitress---waiter different----same tall----short short----long warm----cool
hot---cold new---old little/small----big come----go in---out left---right young---old cry---laugh above---below near—far up----down expensive----cheap easy---hard
new---old ; close ---open here ---there black---white
happy---sad hot---cold warm---cool in---out left--- right same---different long--- short tall--- short these---those big---small go---come day-night open-close boy-girl
up-down he-she his-her this-that these-those
here-there white-black old-new big-small yes-no mum-dad happy-sad hot-cold warm-cool
right-left big-small long-short tall-short in-out man-woman old-young waiter-waitress good-bad above-below far-near laugh-cry mother-father grandmother-grandfather brother-sister why-because north-south east-west
four---for too---two/to meet---meat meat---meet for---four pear---pair meat—meet two –too
B—bee C—see I—eye O—oh R—are T—tea U—you Y—why four—for pear—pair know—no
8. 不可数名词及相关短语：cabbage takeout money coke beef meat chocolate suger medicine homework cereal sugar
9. 其它：visit(形容词)---visting fun(形容词)---funny
late(副词)---later real(副词)---really tradion(形容
词)---tradional play(名词)---player scare(形容词)---scared sing(名词)---singer one(序数词)---first
colour(形容词) ---colourful oh(同音字母)---Oo
单数变复数this----these that----those is/am---are
she/it/he----they I----we you---you
颜色Color（12个）red, yellow, pink, white, black, orange, brown, gray, blue, green, purple, blond.
水果fruit（7个）apple, banana, peach, strawberry,
pear orange watermelon pear banana peach strawberry
食物food : chicken; fish ; meat; soup; dumpling; rice ; noodle ; milk; cake; egg; bread; porridge; hamburger; hot dog; sandwich; salt; beef
服装clothes（12个）coat, hat, cap, dress, skirt, shirt, sweater, socks, pants, trousers, shoes, shorts,jacket,
身体部位body（17个）hand, foot, eye, ear, nose, mouth, tooth, face, head, shoulder, elbow, finger, knee, leg, back, stomach, toe, head; neck ; arm; leg; foot; hand; mouth; eye; ear;
shoulder; stomach; elbow; knee; toe; finger; hair
家庭成员family members（9个）grandfather, grandmother, father, mother, sister, brother, uncle, aunt, cousin,
动物animals（18个）monkey, tiger, elephant, lion, bird, dog, cow, rabbit, pig, duck, sheep, panda, goat, fish, bee, chicken, hen, cat, kangaroo
天气情况weather（6个）sunny, cloudy, snowy, rainy, windy, foggy, warm, cool, hot, cold
饮料drink（7个）water, milk, pop, tea, coffee, coke, juice,
食物food（16个）egg, hamburger, donut, French fries, pizza, bread, cake, cereal, porridge, sugar, hot dog, sandwich, noodles, dumplings,soup, rice,
肉ｍeat（５个）beef, chicken, pork, fish, lamb,
方位(8个)north, south, east, west, northeast, northwest, southeast, southwest
基数词one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve, thir teen, four teen, fif teen, six teen, seven teen, eigh teen, nine teen, twen ty, thir ty, for ty, fif ty, six ty, seven ty, eigh ty, nine ty, twenty-one, twenty-two, one hundred,
序数词first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, ninth, tenth, eleventh, twelfth, thirteenth, fourteenth, fifteenth, sixteenth, seventeenth, eighteenth, nineteenth, twen tieth, thir tieth, for tieth, fif tieth, six tieth, seven tieth, eigh tieth, nine tieth, twenty-first, twenty- second,…. one hundredth 基数词变序数词方法：一二三，单独记；八去t，九去e，ve要用f替，见y变为ie，再加th.
Ⅱ. 重要短语: 动词短语：be from---come from show … around … have lessons play sports have fun---have a good time---enjoy oneself look at come out catch a cold—have a cold be/get ready for sth./doing sth. be/get ready to do sth. go back---come back put on---take off go well with take … all out of … look so pretty go shopping play with listen to have one’s hand see red stand against/upon the wall see a doctor have a
stomachache/headache have a fever have a bad cold stay home=stay at home have a rest=rest look like=be like look cool/cute/funny/different have to=must be full of=be filled with write down take down pass around be away get enough rest watch TV feel hapy/sad/scared/angry/tired feel high=be high=feel happy feel down=be down=feel sad=feel blue feel sick=feel green feel scared=feel feel yellow feel angry=feel red
其它短语：in the sky just right in black and white
At the shopping centre a pair of
shoes/socks/gloves/glasses/pants/shorts three pairs of shoes two pairs of pants a watermelon an
egg/apple/orange/umbrella/hour/old man/office/eraser one hat two bananas some T-shirts many blouses a small dress two red apples our big classroom
a cup of tea a glass of milk a piece of paper a piece of meat a can of coke a bottle of juice a bowl of noodles some bread much money three pieces of bread six glasses of coffee seven boxes of eggs a plate of cabbage
A bit short a bit expensive in China / Canada
an orange coat an old dress two yellow markers
three white shirts four red apples write with a
pen / pencil / marker walk to school=go to school
on foot open / close the door / window on Sunday morning too big / small for me a pair of shorts /
pants / shoes / socks in front of the classroom
at/in the front of the classroom
What/how about… ……怎么样？about是介词，后面可跟名词、代词或动名词。You’d better+（not）动词原形。=You had better(not)+ 动词原形。你（们）最好（不要）做某事。（表建议）I’d like sth.=I would like sth.=I want sth. 我想要某物。I’d like to do sth.=I would like to do sth.=I want to do sth. 我想做某事。Time for sth.=It’s time for sth.= It’s time to do sth. 是……的时间了
非谓语结构：①want to do sth = would like to do sth (想做某事) eg: I want to go home =I'd like to go home.
②let sb. do sth.(让某人做某事) eg: Let me help you.
③be ready to do sth= be ready for sth.(准备做某事).
eg: Are you ready to order? ④It's time to do sth. = It's time for sth. (是.....的时间了) eg: It's time to go to school= It's time for school.
eg: ---Would you like some soup? ---Yes, please.
---May I have some meat? ---Sure, Here you are.
---Can I have some fruit? ---Sure, Here you are.
any 一般用于疑问句或否定句中。eg: I have some books ---Do you have any books?
No,I don't have any books.
话题和功能意念：1.问姓名：---What's your / his / her name? ---My / His / Her name is… 2.问地方：---Where’s the
library/classroom?---Here / There it is.
3.问身体状况---How are you? ---I'm fine, thanks.
4.见面问候---Nice to meet you! ---Nice to meet you , too
5.借东西---May I borrow your book,please? ---Sure, Here you are.
6.问颜色---What colour is the desk? ---It's yellow.
7.问最喜欢的颜色---What's your / his / her favourite colour ? ---My / His / Her favourite colour is red.
8.选择大小---Is it big or small ? ----It's big . / It's small.
9. 问谁的---Whose hat is this? ---It’s Danny’s.
10.询问感受---How do you feel?
---I feel happy / sad / warm / cool / tired.
11.选择长短---Is your hair long or short?---My hair is long
12.询问身高---How tall are you ?---I'm 1.65 metres tall.
13. 询问疾病---What's the matter?
---My head hurts. / I have a headache.
14. I'm hungry. I want to eat. I'm thirsty. I want to drink.
15. 款待客人---Would you like some dumplings?
---Yes, please ; No, thanks.
---What would you like for breakfast? ---I'd like some bread.
---Are you ready to order? ---Yes, please.
16.成交. I'll take twelve, please.
17.询问价格---How much for one hamberger ? ---Ten yuan.
---How much is one hot dog? ---Five yuan.
18. We don't have any sandwiches or milk
=We have no sandwiches or milk.
Ⅰ. 用be 动词的适当形式填空。
1. I ____ from America.
2. Jane and Tom _____ my friends.
3. My parents ___ very busy every day.
4. ____ she from Jinan?
5. ____ you American?
6. He _____ in Class 4, Grade 1.
7. It _____ a car. 8. They ____ cars. 9. ____ your mother in China? 10. _____your friends in New York
11. What ____his name? 12. These _____ buses.
13. Those _____oranges. 14. 7.---How tall _______ (be) your friend? ---He is 1.65 metres tall.
15. ---How ______you today? ---I _________fine, thank you. (be) 16. What class _____ you in? 17.Helen____ a student 18.My father______a cook.
19.Jack’s friend____in Class One. 20.This _____ my mother.
21.Your sisters______in Class Two. 22.what _______this？23.That______her dog. 24. The cat_______on the desk. 25.The books_______under the table.
1. ---Are you OK today? ---No, I have a ______(head).
2. We (not have) any soup or bread .
3. Let’s ( go) there ,too .
4. Here (be) seven books .
5. She (not like) it .
6. Nice (meet) you .
7. I'm thirty. I want __________(drink) some water.
8. Let’s (sing ) a song .
9. Are you ready ( order ) ?
10. Would you like ( have ) supper ?
11. She (have ) a pair of big eyes .
12 Danny (not live ) in China .
13. May I ( borrow ) your pen ?
14. ( open )your books, please
15. I often ________(get) up at 6:00 in the morning. 16
16. --How many _____ (foot) do you have? ---Two.
17. The boy and his mother (go ) home .
18. These books (be) Li Ming’s.
19. This is Jenny. She _________(live) in Canada.
20. I _______(go) to work 7 days every week. 2119. Where_______(do)she come from?
22. Can you _______(fly) a kite?
23. We don't have any _______(sandwich) or meat..
24.It's time ______(do) my homework..
25.We are ready ______ (play) basketball this afternoon. Ⅲ. 按要求转换句型：
1. I watch TV every day. ______________________________ ______________________________
2. Kate does her homework after school every day.
3. We do sports on the plground every morning.
4. My father has supper in the evening.
5. This is an eraser.
6. We are 1.6 metres tall.
7. I have two books.
8. Those are vegetables.
9. It’s time to go to school.(改为同义句)
It’s time .
10.Are you Sue Read ? （否定回答）
11. My hair is black,（对划线部分提问）
_________ _________is you hair?
12. I want to have a glass of milk. (同义句)
I _______ ______to have a glass of milk.
13. ---May I borrow your pen?(补全答语)
---Sure,______ _______ ______.
14. She is my good friend.（一般疑问句）
______she _____good friend?